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What Is Fluorosis?

What Is Fluorosis?

What is fluorosis?

That is a good question and one that we are asked often. Fluorosis is a change in the appearance of the tooth’s enamel surface. The most common types of fluorosis do not affect the function of the tooth and do not cause pain.

Most cases of fluorosis that we see are mild and appear as white, lacy markings on the tooth’s enamel and with an untrained eye are difficult to see.

Fewer instances of fluorosis are moderate. This appears as again as white, lacy markings, however, cover more of the tooth surface.

In rare cases, fluorosis is described as severe. In this instance, we will find the enamel pitted with brown spots.

What Causes Dental Fluorosis?

The simple answer to this question is due to an overconsumption of fluoride over a period of time when teeth are forming but before they appear in the mouth. This takes place before8 years of age. To avoid this from happening it is important to supervise children when brushing their teeth to ensure they do not use too much toothpaste or mouthwash. It is important to ensure your child spits out toothpaste after brushing and rinses their mouth with water rather than allowing them to swallow the excess.

Fluorosis markings

Fluorosis markings

How can I determine if my child has fluorosis?

As there are many possible causes in the appearance of teeth, it is best to have your child’s teeth checked by a dental professional. It is recommended that children start visiting a dentist by their first birthday.

How much fluoride should my child have in order to protect his/her teeth without the risk of fluorosis?

Children who consume a well-balanced diet, drink fluoridated water, and use fluoridated dental products correctly will get the necessary fluoride levels to maintain healthy teeth. It is not necessary to monitor water or food consumption since your child will ingest low levels of fluoride from these sources. It is important to ensure that your child does not swallow toothpaste or mouth rinse as these contain higher concentrations of fluoride.

Is there anything I can do to protect my child’s teeth without causing fluorosis?

The following steps can help protect your child’s teeth:

  1. Children younger than 3 should use only a smear of fluoridated toothpaste.
  2. Limit tooth brushing to 2 times a day for this age group.
  3. Children aged 3-6 years should use a slightly larger “pea-sized” amount of fluoridated toothpaste.
  4. Make sure your child is supervised and help your child brush his/her teeth. Most young children will instinctively swallow water, but they should be encouraged to spit out excess toothpaste.
  5. Keep all dental hygiene products out of reach to avoid accidental ingestion.



How To Know If Your Child Is Covered Under Your HBF Policy

How To Know If Your Child Is Covered Under Your HBF Policy

A lot of the time we are asked, "Will my child/children be covered 100% under my HBF policy?".

Yes, the HBF Dental Member Plus Arrangements do fully cover dependents on their parent's policy for preventative dental services, up to your particular policies annual limit.

To be 100% sure we may refer you to HBF to confirm your benefit entitlements. We are also able to do a quote for the particular item numbers needed for treatment on the HICAPS terminal. This will then let you know what HBF will pay and what your Gap payment will be. 

Yes, We See Children Under The Medicare Child Benefit Scheme

Yes, We See Children Under The Medicare Child Benefit Scheme

It’s important for your children to look after their teeth.

Having healthy teeth can prevent dental problems like cavities.  At Cambridge City Dental one of our highest priorities is to help teach your child why it is important to take care of their teeth.

So What Is The Medicare Child Benefit Scheme?

The Child Dental Benefits Schedule (CDBS) has been introduced by the federal government to make that task a little easier if you receive benefits such as Family Tax Benefit A payments. The CDBS helps you keep your kids’ teeth in great shape by providing you with up to $1000 that you can use over a two calendar year period on a range of dental services including examinations, routine cleaning, fillings, and root canals.

What the CDBS doesn’t cover, however, are orthodontic (the straightening of crooked teeth), cosmetic dental procedures (the restoration or replacement of damaged or missing teeth), or any work that might need to be done in a hospital. If you aren’t sure what’s covered, just ask your dentist


Your child’s eligibility

Your child is deemed eligible for the CDBS by Medicare, who administers the program, if:

  • they’re within the applicable age range for at least some of that year
  • they qualify for Medicare;
  • and you receive either Family Tax Benefit Part A, Parenting payment or Double Orphan Pension payments for at least some of that year.

Your child can still access CDBS services throughout a particular calendar year regardless even if your circumstances change. Even so, it’s still worth confirming with Medicare that your child still qualifies for CDBS before phoning your dentist to book an appointment.

Keep in mind that not all dentists perform services under the CDBS; it’s best to check with your dentist if they do prior to booking in for treatment.

Using your $1000 allocation

To ensure that you’re aware of the costs upfront, we will explain all probable expenses and get your consent in writing before treatment begins. If there’s any additional work needed following the initial examination, the costs will again be outlined and your consent obtained. This means you can then decide how quickly or slowly you use your $1000 allocation; you can use it all at once if you need to, or spread the spending out over the two calendar years. 

If you’re not sure how much of your allocation you have left to use, we are more than happy yo find this out for you, and let you know if you’ll be up for any out-of-pocket expenses.


Find out more

To discover more about this beneficial program, and whether your child is eligible, call Medicare on 132 011 or visit the Department of Human Services website. Alternatively, you may also call us on 9382 8266 or click book now to make an online appointment.

Your Child's First Dental Visit

Your Child's First Dental Visit

Here at Cambridge City Dental, we believe in healthy smiles at every age.  Our dentists love working with children. During your child’s first visit to us, one of our expert dentists will discuss your little one’s background and oral health needs. Following this, we will evaluate your child’s smile and provide any educational or therapeutic services in a compassionate, understanding manner.

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Growing up with routine preventative care can help your child enjoy their future trips to the dentist as he or she grows up.

There are a number of times where parents ask, “When should my child see a dentist?” The simple answer to this question is “ the first visit by your child's first birthday".

The idea of such early dental visits is surprising to a lot of parents however, studies have shown that preschool aged children are developing a lot more cavities. To prevent early cavities, parents must first find out their child’s risk of developing cavities. Parents must also learn how to manage their child’s diet, oral hygiene, and fluoride use to prevent problems.

Cavities are not the only thing that parents must learn regarding their child’s dental health. The first dental visit lets the dentist and parents discuss how to properly care for their infant or toddlers mouth, the proper use of fluoride, oral habits, including thumb and finger sucking, ways to prevent accidents that could damage the face and teeth, teething milestones and developments and also the link between diet and oral health.

After, the first visit, the dentist will suggest a schedule or follow up visits. As a rule of thumb every 6 months is advised however this may vary depending on each child’s needs and risks.


While our practice is more than happy to see infants, toddlers and young children in some cases your child may be referred to a pediatric dentist to care for their needs.

It is, however, important to take time out with your child to play “dentist” whether that be pretending to count teeth or reading your child stories about the dentist. Always make an appointment for a time when your child is well rested. Inform the dentist of any medical issues your child may have and openly discuss your questions and concerns.

It is very important not to convey anxiety about the dental visit to your child. Do not use words like hurt, scary, needle or drill around your child. It is normal for a child to cry a little at their first visit but we will always make sure to try and make the child feel as comfortable as possible. We will offer them a balloon or a toothbrush to win them over. We also let the child have a ride on the dental chair to make the experience as fun as we possibly can.

It is important to never force your child into the dental chair as 9 times out of 10 this is where phobias will start.

To book an appointment with Dr Tan Or Dr Juengling please click the link below. Alternatively you may also call us on 9382 8266.